[6] Levina, M. (2018), “Smog in Kyrgyzstan capital city: causes, effects and solutions,” The Times of Central Asia, 27 January, www.timesca.com/index.php/news/26-opinion-head/19261-smog-over-kyrgyzstan-capital-city-causes-effects-and-solutions (released August 30, 2019). The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties held at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and agreed on 12 December 2015. Since March 2019, 195 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 187 are parties to the agreement. ← 6. . ONE PAGE Kyrgyzstan (www.un-page.org). See also: www.kg.undp.org/content/kyrgyzstan/en/home/projects/partnership-for-action-on-green-economy.html. This chapter provides a brief overview of the key environmental problems facing the kyrgyz Republic`s energy and transport sectors in order to lay the groundwork for the proposed clean public transport programme. It examines the main political documents and international environmental agreements that the country has committed to pursue a greener development path and outlines the structure of this report.

The Paris Agreement is an agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. To date, the Kyrgyz Republic has signed and ratified 13 international environmental conventions. It ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in January 2000 and the Kyoto Protocol in January 2003. In November 2006, Kyrgyzstan signed the Framework Convention on Environmental Protection for Sustainable Development in Central Asia with Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Finally, Kyrgyzstan signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in September 2016, which was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015 (Box 1.1). . Based on previous OECD work in this area, Kyrgyzstan has introduced sectoral MTEFes in the fields of health, education and agriculture; however, donor funds are not included in the MTEF. Although the Kyrgyz government has some experience in mtef design, the practice needs to be extended to other sectors (of the environment), including effective implementation. The Kyrgyz government must ensure that climate investment programmes are in place that identify the least costly projects to be supported by public funds. The number of contracting parties that have ratified the Paris Convention currently stands at 60 states. Government Resolution 218 of 30 April 2013 “Adoption of the draft programme for the transition of the Kyrgyz Republic to sustainable development for the period 2013-2017” cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/53066.

. Chapter 4 examines the institutional modalities of the management of the CPT program. Measures recommended for the Kyrgyz Republic as part of the Un-Syring Action Partnership for the Green Economy (PAGE) include the introduction at the national level of processes for implementing economic models for the transition to a green economy and sustainable development6.

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