The return to violence has been attributed to several factors, but above all the lack of political support for the peace process. The critics of President Ivén Duque accuse him of undermining the chances of success of the agreement by omissions and the Commission and of not doing enough to protect those who speak out. Emilio Archila, a government adviser, said many of the agreement`s biggest development promises – such as the supply of water and electricity – would take more than a decade, given the damage to the landscape caused by the conflict. “Those who think they can solve these problems in two years don`t understand the magnitude of the problem,” he said. The Colombian peace process differs from other conflicts due to the support and participation of the international community. The role of the international community in the peace process was as a mediator and guarantor of peace talks.  On 25 January 2016, the UN Security Council supported the ongoing peace talks in Havana by unanimously adopting resolution A/RES/2261, including the decision to accompany the end of the conflict in Colombia, one of 14 decisions unanimously adopted by the Security Council in its history.  Following the implicit invitation of the parties to the conflict to Section 6.3 of the final agreement, the United Nations currently monitors compliance with the final agreement by the parties to the conflict in accordance with Resolution A/RES/2435. In August 2012, former President Alvaro Uribe, who became the main critic of Mr. Santos`s government, reaffirmed that the government was negotiating with the FARC in Cuba; Allegations disputed by Defence Minister Juan Carlos Pinzén and Foreign Minister Maria Ngela Holguen.  However, on 27 August, TeleSUR announced that the government and the FARC were about to announce the signing of an agreement to open formal peace negotiations, and President Santos then confirmed the information.  In 2016, after 50 years of conflict, the Colombian government signed a historic peace agreement with the country`s largest rebel group, the FARC-EP. This agreement is now under threat from several sides.
President Ivén Duque is trying to help out with the carefully negotiated key provisions that allow former rebels to seek reduced or converted prison sentences in exchange for confessions.